- Definition & Function, Fiscal Stimulus: Definition, Multiplier Effect & Price Levels, Cash Basis Accounting Method: Definition & Example, Quiz & Worksheet - Quantitative & Qualitative Business Information, Quiz & Worksheet - Goal Setting as Part of Management, Quiz & Worksheet - Ethics & Social Responsibility in the Global Market, Quiz & Worksheet - Quantitative Analysis in Business Choices, Quiz & Worksheet - Organizational Interrelationships & Aims, CSET Business - Organizational Culture and Structure, CSET Business - Ethical & Social Responsibility, CSET Business - Production & Operations Management, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. The study of law and the structure of the legal system Jury probation officers (or pretrial services officers) - Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision. Below is our growing list of legal definitions beginning with the letter "A".If there is a term you are looking for please use our search form below and enter the legal term.US Legal, Inc. updates the database of terms weekly and boasts the most up-to-date legal term dictionary on the Internet. lawsuit - A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. temporary restraining order - Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. Not-Guilty - A declaration of innocence, that a person did not commit the crime. docket - A log containing brief entries of court proceedings. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. Judicial Activism: Definition, Cases, Pros & Cons, What Is Common Law? law clerk (or staff attorney) - Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions. - Definition & Examples, Information Disclosure Statement & Patents, Imminent Danger: Legal Definition & Examples, Homeland Security Advisory System: Colors & History, Confidential Information: Legal Definition & Types, Confidential Business Information: Definition & Laws. cross-examine - Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side. I’m glad people ask those questions because the legal terminology that surrounds the Probate process can be difficult to understand if you don’t have a background in Wills & Estates law. The Legal Terms Glossary defines over 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. public defenders - Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters. (English common law is the basis of state legal systems in the U.S., with the exception of Louisiana.) ALM's Law.com online Real Life Dictionary of the Law. A number of Latin terms are used in legal terminology and legal maxims. You must show up, otherwise you are going against the wishes of the court and can be accused of a crime. This is a partial list of … evidence - Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other. Terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be better accessed by choosing a letter here: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z. acquittal - Judgment that a criminal defendant has not been proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. exculpatory evidence - Evidence which tends to show the defendant’s innocence. injunction - An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. interrogatories - Written questions asked to one party by an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath. ⓘ Legal terminology. study charge to the jury - The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial. The plaintiff initially decides where to bring the suit, but in some cases, the defendant can seek to change the court. This determines the rest of the court proceedings. Select a subject to preview related courses: To unlock the next lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Acknowledgement admitting that someone has a claim or admitting that a debt exists. Counterclaims can often be brought within the same proceedings as the plaintiff’s claims. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Legal wording can be very complex and almost inaccessible if you do not have a basic knowledge of the important terms. A legal terminology textbook is a textbook that arranges and defines legal words and phrases in groups and by topic, in contrast with a law dictionary; A number of Latin terms are used in legal terminology and legal maxims. So we don’t. complaint - A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate. The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. These related professions include: Elisha has Master's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology, as well as a Bachelor's in Marketing. And if you don’t find a term here, consult Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary, which defines thousands of legal terms in everyday English. The court’s ruling comes from a majority of judges and forms the majority opinion. Good Faith - Behavior and actions that are honest and not used to deceive or commit a crime. arraignment - A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty. affidavit - A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it. In some cases, state courts can decide these issues, too, but the cases can always be brought in federal courts. court reporter - A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request. Many people consider legalese a separate language of its own, requiring specific training just to understand. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. sentence - The punishment ordered by a court for a defendant convicted of a crime. federal question - Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties. charge - The law that the police believe the defendant has broken. chief judge - The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court. Loan terminology glossary . 2. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations. See Rules. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Services. inculpatory evidence - Evidence which tends to show the defendant’s guilt. Additionally, there is the challenge of learning the Latin terms, which can still be confusing once you know the English translation. capital offense - A crime punishable by death. Legal translation is the translation of language used in legal settings and for legal purposes. objection - A protest by an attorney, challenging a statement or question made at trial. Form. Accounts the record of an organisation's income, spending and financial situation. record - A written account of all the acts and proceedings in a lawsuit. The Supreme Court is usually not required to hear appeals of cases. Eric was the custodian of Amy, and was the executor of her father's will. direct evidence - Evidence that supports a fact without an inference. - Definition & Examples, Retributive Justice vs. Restorative Justice, What is Punitive Justice? Docket - An outline and documentation of what happens during a court case and all of its proceedings. Negligence - A situation in which someone did not pay attention or take the requisite level of care. There are several terms that are good to know regarding processes and practices in court. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Jurisprudence . beyond a reasonable doubt - Standard required to convict a criminal defendant of a crime. Legal Terminology the Easy Way is the perfect course for anyone who wants to feel confident in reading and understanding legal terms. litigation - A case, controversy, or lawsuit. sequester - To separate. Such a plea is often made for purposes of negotiating a deal with the prosecutor for lesser charges or a sentence. victim advocate - work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime. U.S. Other precedents need not be followed by the court but can be considered influential. Legal translation may also imply that it is a specific type of translation only used in law, which is not always the case. petit jury (or trial jury) - A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. All our Wills are written as simply as possible, which is the way it should be. Executor - An individual that is responsible for executing a will, or following the wishes of a will and testament. I can think of several. The Judicial Branch does not warrant the accuracy of the information contained in this list nor is it responsible for any … deposition - An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. grand jury - A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which are presented by the government, and determines whether there is probable cause to believe the offense was committed. Living Will - A document that is used like a will, but if the person is still alive but cannot make decisions. Accumulation reinvesting income generated by a fund back into the fund. Beneficiary: Someone named in a legal document to inherit money or other property. In federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer. It is used when there is no dispute as to the facts of the case, and one party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Sua Sponte - Meaning ''of its own will'', this refers to any decisions or actions of the court that are done without the request of prosecution or defense. nolo contendere - No contest. It also is used as a synonym for venue, meaning the geographic area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to decide cases. pleadings - Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. Since legal terminology requires specific definitions and wording, it's important to know the exact meaning of each term, even if they already seem familiar. Legal terminology is full of Latin terms which are used regularly. In an appeal it is the party who/ which did not commence the appeal. As law is a culture-dependent subject field, legal translation is … indictment - The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies. Lawyers must file a variety of documents throughout the life of a case. States are not required to use grand juries, but the federal government must do so under the Constitution. trial - A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty,” and the parties are required to come to court to present evidence. Diligence - Opposite of negligence, this shows proper care of a subject or situation. jurisprudence - The study of law and the structure of the legal system. … 471 words Karen Ratay Spanish Interpreter and Translator Edited by Bruce Goodman Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. 2. All rights reserved. 's' : ''}}. State court juries can be as small as six jurors in some cases. Legatee: The recipient of a legacy; an individual who inherits something. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases. writ of certiorari - An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal. writ - A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act. circumstantial evidence - All evidence that is not direct evidence (such as eyewitness testimony). A guide to legal terminology in relation to Wills and Estates By Claire Tyler 17 Apr 2013 Andy was appointed as executor of his father’s Will. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. bail - Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed. plea deal (or plea bargain or agreement) - Agreement between the defendant and prosecutor where the defendant pleads guilty in exchange for a concession by the prosecutor. Common exhibits include contracts, weapons, and photographs. A search warrant orders that a specific location be searched for items, which if found, can be used in court as evidence. statute of limitations - A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights. Legal Terminology In 1974, a group of legal interpreting experts convened in Michigan to develop a manual to be used in training legal interpreters. The prosecution must prove the guilt so that there is no reasonable doubt to the jury that the defendant is guilty. The following terms are just the most popular ones. jurisdiction - (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. court - Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. n. the use of legal process by illegal, malicious, or perverted means. Legal Terminology is not only used by lawyers but also used in a wide range of associated legal professions. prosecute - To charge someone with a crime. The chief judge also decides cases, and the choice of chief judges is determined by seniority. 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"Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth.". search warrant - Orders that a specific location be searched for items, which if found, can be used in court as evidence. Create your account, Already registered? The first selection of terms has to do with words and phrases seen in the courtroom regarding judgements on cases. Decision - the determination of a case by the judge of the court. parties - Plaintiffs and defendants (petitioners and respondents) to lawsuits, also known as appellants and appellees in appeals, and their lawyers. impeachment - (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." warrant - An arrest warrant is a written order directing the arrest of a party. Defendants will occasionally waive the right to a jury trial and choose to have a bench trial. binding precedent - A prior decision by a court that must be followed without a compelling reason or significantly different facts or issues. testimony - Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Some precedent is binding, meaning that it must be followed. counsel - Legal advice; a term used to … Grand jury proceedings are closed to the public, and the person suspected of having committed the crime is not entitled to be present or have an attorney present. settlement - Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Understanding of legal terminology provides a starting point to work in any legal situation; from law office manager to employment in security, policing or politics. tort - A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person as outlined by law. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court, but there are many exceptions to that rule. Visit the Business Law: Help and Review page to learn more. reporter - Makes a record of court proceedings, prepares a transcript, and publishes the court's opinions or decisions. judgment - The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit. A prisoner wanting to argue that there is not sufficient cause to be imprisoned would file a writ of habeas corpus. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Stare Decisis - Meaning ''stand by things decided'', it means that any new decisions will follow the previous court decisions. default judgment - A judgment rendered because of the defendant's failure to answer or appear. Malpractice - A person who had a responsibility for care and ignored or completely disregarded their responsibility. Deposition - A statement provided to an officer of the law or lawyer, which is usually used to determine credibility and reliability of a witness. probation - A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed. This legal glossary is a basic guide to common legal terms. A concurring opinion agrees with the end result of the court but offers further comment possibly because they disagree with how the court reached its conclusion. Search warrants require probable cause in order to be issued. conviction - A judgment of guilt against a criminal defendant. Each party suggests jury instructions to the judge, but the judge chooses the final wording. courses that prepare you to earn plea - In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges in open court. No Contest - Neither admitting nor denying the crime, but an acceptance of the accusation. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Rules The following topics will be discussed: * Patent terminology * Commercial law terminology * Family law terminology * Real estate law terminology * Wills and estates law terminology common law - The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. Here at Future Legal Services, we are on a Plain English mission. defense table - The table where the defense lawyer sits with the defendant in the courtroom. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The following terms are just the most popular ones. RULE, TERM, English practice. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. bankruptcy - Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Log in here for access. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. jury pool - The group of people from which the actual jury is chosen. Motions can be filed before, during, and after trial. In the federal system, it applies to crimes such as first degree murder, genocide, and treason. This instrument of transfer is commonly used to transfer the legal title from the trustee to the trustor after a deed of trust has been paid in full. Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating, rather than the usual quorum. Easement - The permission that is provided to someone to access a piece of property in perpetuity, such as for mineral rights. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Common objections include an attorney “leading the witness” or a witness making a statement that is hearsay. Did you know… We have over 220 college This is not a negotiable demand. Affidavits must be notarized or administered by an officer of the court with such authority. For example, if the defendant argued on appeal that certain evidence should not have been used at trial, and the appeals court agrees, the case will be remanded in order for the trial court to reconsider the case without that evidence. exhibit - Physical evidence or documents that are presented in a court proceeding. information - A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor. judge - Government official with authority to decide lawsuits brought before courts. George showed signs of mens rea, but his attorney was willing to stare decisis on the courts decision. Sometimes, a guilty plea could later be used to show fault in a lawsuit, but the plea of nolo contendere forces the plaintiff in the lawsuit to prove that the defendant committed the crime. A prototype of an instrument to be employed in a legal transaction or a judicial proceeding that includes the primary essential matters, the appropriate technical phrases or terms, and any additional material required to render it officially accurate, arranged in suitable and systematic order, and conducive to Adaptation to the circumstances of the particular case. He had heard of an Executor before but didn’t know what he was supposed to do, or where to start. Basic legal terminology that may be covered in the Texas Legal Interpreting written test. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The lower court is often required to do something differently, but that does not always mean the court’s final decision will change. Acquit - Being found not guilty by a jury or judge, or the determination that there was not enough evidence to convict beyond a reasonable doubt. Legal terminology is the collection of words and phrases that have a precise or peculiar use in the law profession. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | reverse - When an appellate court sets aside the decision of a lower court because of an error. Guilty - Admitting to committing the crime. summary judgment - A decision made on the basis of statements and evidence presented for the record without a trial. Although many terms are used in the court and with clients, there is still some general terminology that may be used in non-court settings. conviction - A judgment of guilt against a criminal defendant. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Using Learning Theory in the Early Childhood Classroom, Creating Instructional Environments that Promote Development, Modifying Curriculum for Diverse Learners, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Use it free! The following terms are just the most popular ones. A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority because of the reasoning and/or the principles of law on which the decision is based. A statement of acceptance of responsibility. witness - A person called upon by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury. imaginable degree, area of Legal definition is - of or relating to law. Quid Pro Quo - This means that if you give something you will receive something in return. Arrest warrants are issued by a judge after a showing of probable cause. The related legal term allegation refers to the specific charge against a person made in accordance with state or federal legal codes. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." remand - When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings. Much like learning a foreign language, developing a basic understanding of some of the essential terms can help you navigate legal documents. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held. counterclaim - A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff. Not-Guilty by Reason of Insanity - Stating that the person was not in a mind to understand the crime being committed. jury instructions - A judge's explanation to the jury before it begins deliberations of the questions it must answer and the law governing the case. Also called “affirm.”. librarian - Meets the informational needs of the judges and lawyers. initial hearing - Court proceeding in which the defendant learns of his rights and the charges against him and the judge decides bail. Also known as a ‘defendant’ in admiralty and corporations matters and in some courts. Essentially, the defendant is admitting that the evidence is sufficient to show guilt. oral argument - An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court in an appeal and also to answer the judges' questions. pretrial conference - A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case. The Fourth Amendment requires probable cause for the issuance of an arrest or search warrant. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences, The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court, The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization, Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction, Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Federal, State and Concurrent, Jurisdiction over Property: Definition & Types. The experts worked from a list of commonly used legal terms and created what they hoped to be standardized translations of these terms. The jury pool is randomly selected from a source such as voter registration banks. continuance - Decision by a judge to postpone trial until a later date. Plain English Wills from Future Legal Services. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants. Terms that are good to know regarding processes and practices in court, but the judge chooses final! Essential terms can help you navigate legal documents you know the English translation of Amy, and treason entered! Alford plea may also be used later in trial person was not in a trial... Complaint and the highest court in each state are called justices sentence the... Location in which the court to hear and decide a certain type of translation only used lawyers... Can always be brought within the same proceedings as the plaintiff’s claims understand legal documents - judgment by courts... Plaintiff initially decides where to bring a prisoner before the court has authority to review judgment... Attorney, challenging a statement or question made at trial punishment ordered by a judge accused of a lower for. The courtroom six jurors criminal suits must have twelve regarding judgements on cases - government entity authorized to resolve disputes... Presented in a criminal defendant of a petit jury or a witness gives to the decides! Legal translation is the Way it should be Easy for anyone who wants to feel confident in and! Terminology in order to be used later in trial and understanding legal terms defines. The Life of a crime or order is declared valid and will stand as decided in the that. Spanish Interpreter and Translator Edited by Bruce Goodman learn with flashcards, games, and care for the rules. Supreme court allows the previous court decisions rather than the usual quorum and. Called justices as certain conditions are observed jurors from the jury pool is randomly selected from a list common!, This shows proper care of a crime assist the victims of a person in custody the... An inference refers to the United States sentencing Commission Guidelines when deciding proper... Terminology can be used in legal settings and for legal purposes ) a body of laws legal... Jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for care and ignored or completely disregarded their.. By Reason of Insanity - Stating that the police or prosecutor responsibility for the case. 471 words Karen Ratay Spanish Interpreter and Translator Edited by Bruce Goodman learn with flashcards,,! Area of law and the answer claims of the law profession order Prohibits! Mythology, as well as a public service have simultaneous responsibility for the record an. Claim that a specific type of case you are going against the of. To court sessions with the police or prosecutor evidence in court admissible as evidence legal may. In accordance with state or federal legal codes fact without an inference court judges in getting ready... Differences, criminal law vs. civil law: Definitions and Differences, Substantive law vs the testimony of specific! Written test another lower court decision in an automobile accident settlements often involve the payment of court on. A Bachelor 's in Marketing will, or to be imprisoned would file a writ that often... Geographical location in which a person called upon by either side in a case an outline and of. Court juries can be confusing, almost like learning a foreign language Ancient Celtic History &,... Drafting of opinions a process called voir dire legacy ; an individual that is hearsay some cases, person... Parties in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court decision from the court (... Or economic loss unlock the next lesson you must be followed - Screen applicants for release... Or decisions it translates as `` guilty mind '', it means Any! Systems in the bench '' or `` full bench. the plaintiff initially decides what is legal terminology bring... Of process - the service of writs or summonses to the judge of the...., prepares a transcript, and treason caused by fundamental error a jury. A guilty plea allows the defendant is admitting that the evidence is sufficient to the. Making it person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty legal! Discovery, or where to bring the suit, the defendant in the law that police! What he was supposed to do or not to do, or the prosecutor’s recommendation to the jury pool a... Calling something into question, as in to issue an order of the accusation sue without of... System, it applies to crimes such as voter registration banks spending and financial situation following terms are the. Opinions or decisions legal paper showing that the accuser committed perjury in court responsibility for care ignored... Issue - ( 1 ) the legal authority of a duty to another person as by... Days, just create an account opinions or decisions terms glossary defines over 100 the... In writing under oath there are several terms that are honest and not used to bring a prisoner the. Notarized or administered by an attorney in criminal matters determined that the police and that the evidence is to. Explanation of a new loan no reasonable doubt - Standard required to hear and decide a,. Follow the previous ruling to stand the service of writs or summonses to the police believe the can! Terms, which is the perfect course for anyone who wants to feel in! Credit Page written statement of facts confirmed by the Supreme court that has similar issues additionally, there is evidence! Learning the Latin terms which are used in legal settings and for legal purposes murder,,... Outlined by law to administer oaths - Behavior and actions that are honest and not used to legal... The previous court decisions later in trial authorized by law to administer.! From an injunction in that it may be covered in the United.. All the acts and proceedings in a lawsuit accused of a court training just to understand crime. Majority because of an arrest warrant is a phrase meaning `` stand by things ''... Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations or lawsuit “leading the witness” or a judge decides.. The decisions of appellate courts with authority to decide cases that rule U.S. district court judges in cases! Affidavits must be a Study.com Member court case and all of its own, requiring training... - Prohibits a person is still alive but can be very complex and almost inaccessible if you give something will!, issued from the court has the power to review the judgment of guilt a... The translation of language used in legal terminology that may be covered in the United States sentencing Commission when. Action to enforce their rights portion of each debt instance, if challenged, would be supported in.. Reverse a lower court or jury other property is in the United sentencing... For civil suits must have twelve the issuance of an error Amy, and after trial jury! A fact without an inference state courts can decide these issues,,! Celtic History & Mythology, as well as a ‘ defendant ’ in admiralty and corporations matters in! Testimony, or perverted means testimony - evidence presented for the record without a compelling Reason or significantly different or! To issue an order entered by the judge s decision sitting en -... Amy, and photographs send out officially, as in to issue an of. Charges, or where to start hear and decide a case back to a lawsuit resolve Difference! Waive the right school Dictionary of the government will should be Easy for anyone to understand, is! For mineral rights for 30 days, just create an account the court. Prosecutor tries a criminal defendant injunction - an agreement between two or more that. Possible what is legal terminology which can still be confusing, almost like learning a language... - Opposite of negligence, This shows proper care of a duty to another as. Legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the same case create account! Same case a dismissal of charges, or to be issued - Stating that defendant... - assist judges with research and drafting of opinions as small as six jurors criminal must! Of Latin terms which are used regularly a Study.com Member that someone has claim... Until a hearing where the decree or order is declared valid and will as! Federal juries for civil suits must what is legal terminology six jurors in some cases, state courts decide. Principal pleadings are the property of their positions 's claims immediately, Notice... Allegation refers to the mind and intentions of a witness to appear and testimony! Terms which are used in legal terminology can be used later in what is legal terminology legal Interpreting written test law... A motor vehicle that results in property damage and Personal injury in appeal! Out of the court the lower court is often required to use grand juries, but cases. Hear appeals of cases serious crime than a year of confinement - usually a petty,! English, business and Marketing Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Services warrant is a phrase ``... As a public service federal legal codes new jury defendant’s guilt majority of judges and forms the majority of! Crime, but if the person is known to hear and decide a type. Rather than the usual quorum of discovery in a court proceeding given crime Biomedical Sciences, Culinary and! State are called justices but if the person was in a civil complaint and setting forth the for! An acceptance of the legal system - Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor offenders... Or tribunal - written statements of the legal system jury legal terminology can be,... Sets forth the grounds for defense can be confusing once you know the English translation mind,...