There are few endemic species; the Polish larch (Larix polonica) and the Ojców birch (Betula oycoviensis) are two examples. The country’s major rivers remain badly polluted by industrial and urban effluents, and Poland’s cities and larger towns are major sources of pollution. Most rainfall in the Eastern regions of the country and South mountain areas. Poland's highest point is Mount Rysy, at 2,499 km. The Polish coastline was estimated at 770 km in length. The wettest month is July with an average of 69mm of rain.. In all the towns and cities, there were large concentrations of Yiddish-speaking Jews. The annual average precipitation is about 24 inches (610 mm), but in the mountains the figure approaches 31 to 47 inches (787 to 1,194 mm), dropping to about 18 inches (457 mm) in the central lowlands. Krakow, Poland - Average Annual Weather - Holiday Weather Krakow, Poland: Annual Weather Averages July is the hottest month in Krakow with an average temperature of 18.5°C (65°F) and the coldest is January at -2.5°C (28°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in July. There were significant Polish minorities in Daugavpils (in Latvia), Minsk (in Belarus), and Kiev (in Ukraine). In winter the daytime temperature is between-2 and + 2 °C. The vegetation of Poland that has developed since the last Ice Age consists of some 2,250 species of seed plants, 630 mosses, 200 liverworts, 1,200 lichens, and 1,500 fungi. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The greatest amount of sunshine in summer is to be found on the Baltic coast, whilst in winter in the Carpathian Mountains. Hotels.com discount code: £15 off hotel bookings. In Poland, it is usual to have about 5.9 degrees more at -0.4 °C for this three-month period. Varying types of air masses collide over Poland, influencing the character of both weather and climate. Fir and beech woods give way to the spruce of the upper woods, which in turn fade into subalpine, alpine, and snow-line vegetation. [1781841] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of -6.3 °C. Viator deals: Top things to do in Krakow. Ukrainians are scattered in various southwestern and northern districts. The highs for the month reach all the way to 25°C (about 77°F) and the lows drop down to 12°C (about 54°F). 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The average annual temperature is about 6-8 degrees Celsius with the rainfall estimated at 700 mm. Winters can get bitterly cold with the north seeing average winter temps of 3°C and the south falling to averages of -8°C. Warm, dry, subtropical-continental air often brings pleasant days in late summer and autumn. In winter, snow makes up about half the total precipitation in the plains and almost all of it in the mountains. Warsaw Temperature Yesterday. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Dfb. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of 2°C (36°F). In Warsaw, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. Poland - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. Get your weekly fix of holiday inspiration from leading travel writers. In certain parts of parts Southern Poland, like in Tarnow and Warsaw, the average temperature during the summer season is as high as 30 degrees whereas, in Krakow, the temperature rises to around 23 degrees in summer. July is the most wet month. There are small numbers of Slovaks, Czechs, and Armenians. Now, in the 21st century, most communities of non-Poles are dispersed but reside in the border provinces, primarily in the south. First Choice  FloridaTix  Hoseasons  James Villas  Jet2.com  Jet2holidays  Love Holidays  On the Beach  Rail Europe - formerly Loco2  RHS  Saga Holidays  TUI  Virgin Atlantic  VRBO (formerly HomeAway)  More... We help you find the best travel deals for your holiday in the sun by sharing tips on when and where to go, before providing you with top discounts. In addition, minority ethnic identity was not cultivated publicly until after the collapse of communism in 1989. Virtually all of Poland’s people claim Polish nationality, with Polish as their native tongue. Coastal sea temperatures around Poland Ocean temperature and marine climate data is provided daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Poland is located on the dividing line between a moderate oceanic climate (north and west) and a dry continental climate (south and east). The climate of Poland is maritime and sometimes continental determined by the geographical location. Poland has a moderate climate with both maritime and continental elements. Winters are usually cold, with temperatures well below freezing, and more or less snowy. By the late 20th century, the Polish Academy of Sciences had described Poland as one of the most polluted countries in the world. The war, however, killed vast numbers of people, precipitated massive migrations, and radically altered borders. In the northeast there are portions of the eastern European subtaiga, with spruce as a characteristic component. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year. Winters are dry and cold. Long-term development of temperatures from 1954 - 2019 As a consequence, the population of Poland became one of the most ethnically homogeneous in the world. Precipitation in Poland decreased to 24.66 mm in December from 53.34 mm in November of 2015. Rapid industrialization following World War II in Poland, as well as in neighbouring Czech Republic, Slovakia, and eastern Germany, severely polluted many areas of the country. Six seasons may be clearly distinguished: a snowy winter of one to three months; an early spring of one or two months, with alternating wintry and springlike conditions; a predominantly sunny spring; a warm summer with plenty of rain and sunshine; a sunny, warm autumn; and a foggy, humid period signifying the approach of winter. The climate of the mountains is determined by altitude. You can count on many sunny days and many rainy days and don’t be surprised when the summer turns out to be quite hot or quite rainy. On the Baltic coast due to the influence of the Atlantic, the climate is much milder. *affiliate links: find out how we are funded and why this helps us remain free to use. Among the vertebrate fauna are nearly 400 species, including many types of mammals and more than 200 native birds. Upper Silesia and Kraków, in particular, had suffered some of the highest levels of atmospheric and groundwater pollution in Europe. C (63.5 F). In Krakow, the climate is cold and temperate. The European bison, or wisent, which once roamed widely across the continent but became extinct in the wild following World War I, once again roams the great Białowieża (Belarusian: Belovezhskaya) Forest in national parks on both sides of the Polish-Belarusian border, having been reintroduced by using zoo-bred animals. Poland climate guide. Summers see an average temperature of about 20°C to 27°C. The climate guide for Krakow, Poland shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. This month should be avoided if you are not a big fan of rain. The problems of environmental degradation were not officially recognized until the early 1970s and were not addressed until the Solidarity movement began agitating in the early 1980s. The is a great deal of rainfall in Krakow, even in the driest month. Incoming Commission President Ursula von der Leyen wants the bloc to become climate neutral by 2050 — Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary are resisting. The northeastern limits of certain trees—notably beech, fir, and the variety of oak known as pedunculate—run through Polish territory. Find out more about our data sources. Temperature in Poland averaged 7.48 celsius from 1743 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 22.51 celsius in July of 2006 and a record low of -13.11 celsius in February of 1929. Find the best time to visit Poland Poland’s climate is temperate with warm (sometimes very hot) summers, crisp, sunny autumns and cold winters. Average Weather in Warsaw Poland. This page includes a chart with historical data for Poland Average Precipitation. Averages are for Gdansk-Rebiechowo, which is 8 miles from Gdańsk. WARSAW — Poland achieved its goals during EU climate negotiations, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said on Friday, after Poland held up EU talks all night to ensure its conditions for more support in its climate transition were met. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 76°F and is rarely below 7°F or above 86°F. In winter, polar-continental air often becomes dominant, bringing crisp, frosty weather, with still colder Arctic air following in its wake. Situated in the southeast are communities of Roma (Gypsy), in Małopolskie województwo (province), and Ruthenians, in Podkarpackie province. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Poland is the fifth-most populous country of the European Union and the ninth-largest country in Europe by area. Annual Weather Averages Near Warsaw. The average air temperatures amount to 6 - 8.5°C for a year, the annual rainfall is 500 - 700 mm, of which snow constitutes only 5 - 20%. More than one-fourth of the country is wooded, with the majority set aside as public property. The rainfall here averages 678 mm. Holarctic elements (i.e., those pertaining to the temperate belt of the Northern Hemisphere) are dominant among the seed plants. Climate data and weather averages in Ruda Śląska. Throughout the decade the government implemented antipollution policies, such as closing the most damaging industrial plants. The warmest areas of the country are the Silesian Lowland and Sandomierska Upland, while the “coldest pole” of Poland is the town of Suwalki on the north-eastern edge of the country. Poland lies in the zone of mixed forests, but in the southeast a fragment of the forest-steppe vegetation zone intrudes. This page includes a chart with historical data for Poland Average Temperature. Average temperatures and seasonal weather for Poland climate information. Averages are for Warsaw Okecie Airport, which is 5 miles from Warsaw. Belarusians and Lithuanians live in areas adjoining Belarus and Lithuania, respectively. Sunshine reaches its maximum over the Baltic in summer and the Carpathians in winter, and mean annual temperatures range from 46 °F (8 °C) in the southwestern lowlands to 44 °F (7 °C) in the colder northeast. Poland’s animal life belongs to the European–West Siberian zoogeographic province, itself part of the Palearctic subregion, and is closely linked with the vegetation cover. The climate of the mountains is determined by altitude. Variation in diurnal temperature ranges from -10 degrees (night) to 0 degrees (during the day). Warsaw, Poland - Average Annual Weather - Holiday Weather Warsaw, Poland: Annual Weather Averages July is the hottest month in Warsaw with an average temperature of 18°C (64°F) and the coldest is February at -2.5°C (28°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 8 in June. The further east you go, the colder it gets. Sunshine reaches its maximum over the Baltic in summer and the Carpathians in winter, and mean annual temperatures range from 46 °F (8 °C) in the southwestern lowlands to 44 °F (7 °C) in the colder northeast. The climate guide for Zakopane, Poland shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Coal generates about 80 percent of Poland's electricity, but the country is under growing pressure from the EU to slash emissions. The average temperature in Krakow is 8.2 °C. Pollution has also reduced crop yields and adversely affected tree growth in many of the forests in the Sudeten and western Carpathians. Brown bears live in the Carpathian Mountains. Topog Winter in Poland. Several areas of central Poland, where cement is produced and brown coal (lignite) is burned, also were contaminated by air pollution. Poland sees an average daily temperature of 19°C (around 65°F), warm and pleasant to get outside and enjoy the warmer days, seeing the sights of the city. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Back to overview: Poland West Pomerania is one of the warmest region in Poland with an average daily high temperature of 14 degrees centigrade. Precipitation in Poland averaged 50.69 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 159.48 mm in July of 2011 and a record low of 3.42 mm in November of 2011. Maximum temperature yesterday: 48 °F (at 12:30 pm) Minimum temperature yesterday: 41 °F (at 11:30 pm) Average temperature yesterday: 46 °F In Silesia a significant segment of the population tends to declare itself as Silesian or German according to political circumstances. Pollution in eastern Europe, 1980s and 1990s. The hottest month is July with the average temperature standing at 17.5 deg. In the mountains, at any time of year, the climate is dependent on the altitude. Deer and wild pigs roam the woods; elk inhabit the coniferous forests of the northeast; and steppe rodents, such as the brindled gopher, live in the south. Musicians in traditional dress performing in the Main Market Square, Kraków, Poland. Warsaw and Zakopane are the wettest regions in Poland during the summer. Conversely, there is a large Polish diaspora, notably in the United States. The Jewish community, now almost entirely Polonized, has been greatly reduced and can be found in major cities. The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 24°C (76°F). Annual Weather Averages Near Gdańsk. Significant reduction in the emission of pollutants occurred, however, as a consequence of the rapid fall in industrial production in the early 1990s, following the abandonment of communism and the introduction of economic reforms. A series of barometric depressions moves eastward along the polar front year-round, dividing the subtropical from the colder air and bringing to Poland, as to other parts of northern Europe, cloudy, wet days. The warmest areas in Poland are the Silesian Lowland and Sandomierska Upland, while the coldest spot is in the north-eastern edge of the country in Suwalki. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. In the southeast, Ukrainian settlements predominated in the regions east of Chełm and in the Carpathian Mountains east of Nowy Sącz. Poland Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. The last has a rather Sunny weather. Before World War II the Polish lands were noted for the richness and variety of their ethnic communities. View all Enjoy Travel offers, Metric (°C / mm)  |  Imperial (°F / inches), Get your weekly fix of holiday inspiration from some of the world's best travel writers plus save on your next trip with the latest exclusive offers. Warsaw, Poland - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at Warsaw, Poland It’s the hottest month of the year. The territory of Poland covers approximately 312,696 km2, of which 98.52% is land and 1.48% is water. Article content. Much higher levels of respiratory disease, abnormal pregnancy, and infant mortality have been reported in areas of environmental degradation. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Brittany Ferries  Cruise Nation  DFDS  English Heritage  Enterprise  Explore! EURACTIV’s media partner, Climate Home News, reports. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Poland with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Poland for next month - January. The Polish ethnographic area stretched eastward: in Lithuania, Belarus, and western Ukraine, all of which had a mixed population, Poles predominated not only in the cities but also in numerous rural districts. The January 1863 uprising and its aftermath, Accommodation with the ruling governments, From the Treaty of Versailles to the Treaty of Riga, Białowieża (Belarusian: Belovezhskaya) Forest. Wildcats live in the mountain woods, and the chamois and marmot are found at the highest levels. Snow covers the mountainous area in the south of Poland (mid … Poland and Hungary could block efforts to strengthen the EU’s 2030 climate goal over a separate dispute on democratic standards. The wettest month is June with an average of 80mm of rain.. Poland lies in a moderate zone with mixed continental and oceanic climate influences. The average monthly temperature in July is 19 degrees Celsius (66° Fahrenheit), but sometimes in the summer the temperatures rises to 30 degrees Celsius (86° Fahrenheit… Poland is a country that extends across the North European Plain from the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains in the south to the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea in the north. The overall climate of Poland has a transitional—and highly variable—character between maritime and continental types. Winter in Poland is cold and snowy. Kashubians live west of Gdańsk near the Baltic Sea. Find out more about our data sources. Summer, from June to August, is mild or pleasantly warm: the average daily temperatures are around 17/19 °C (63/66 °F). Averages are for Katowice Airport, which is 17 miles from Ruda Śląska. Annual Weather Averages Near Ruda Śląska. In the mountains the vegetation, like the climate, is determined by elevation. 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